Redis is an opensource nosql database working on a key/value model.
One interesting feature in Redis is that it is able to write data to disk as well as a master can synchronize many slaves.
HAProxy can load-balance Redis servers with no issues at all.
There is even a built-in health check for redis in HAProxy.
Unfortunately, there was no easy way for HAProxy to detect the status of a redis server: master or slave node. Hence people usually hacks this part of the architecture.
As written in the title of this post, we’ll learn today how to make a simple Redis infrastructure thanks to newest HAProxy advanced send/expect health checks.
This feature is available in HAProxy 1.5-dev20 and above.
Purpose is to make the redis infrastructure as simple as possible and ease fail over for the web servers. HAProxy will have to detect which node is MASTER and route all the connection to it.
Redis high availability diagram with HAProxy
Below, an ascii art diagram of HAProxy load-balancing Redis servers:
+----+ +----+ +----+ +----+ | W1 | | W2 | | W3 | | W4 | Web application servers +----+ +----+ +----+ +----+ \ | | / \ | | / \ | | / +---------+ | HAProxy | +---------+ / \ +----+ +----+ | R1 | | R2 | Redis servers +----+ +----+
The scenario is simple:
* 4 web application servers need to store and retrieve data to/from a Redis database
* one (better using 2) HAProxy servers which load-balance redis connections
* 2 (at least) redis servers in an active/standby mode with replication
Below, is the HAProxy configuration for the
defaults REDIS mode tcp timeout connect 4s timeout server 30s timeout client 30s frontend ft_redis bind 10.0.0.1:6379 name redis default_backend bk_redis backend bk_redis option tcp-check tcp-check send PING\r\n tcp-check expect string +PONG tcp-check send info\ replication\r\n tcp-check expect string role:master tcp-check send QUIT\r\n tcp-check expect string +OK server R1 10.0.0.11:6379 check inter 1s server R2 10.0.0.12:6379 check inter 1s
The HAProxy health check sequence above allows to consider the Redis master server as UP in the farm and redirect connections to it.
When the Redis master server fails, the remaining nodes elect a new one. HAProxy will detect it thanks to its health check sequence.
It does not require third party tools and make fail over transparent.